Home Page for www.solarstorms.org


Dr. Sten Odenwald Resume
Endorsements
Predicting the Next Sunspot Cycle
Predicting our Preparedness
Impacts to Satellites
Impacts to Electrical Power
Radiation Health Impacts
Impacts to Airline Travel

Space Weather Environment Impacts

The Ozone Layer
Climate Changes
Cosmic Radiation
Space Weather and Climate Trends
Pigeon Navigation Impacts

Space Weather and Health Impacts


Radiation Defined
Astronaut Radiation
Airline Passengers and Crew
Travel to Mars

Space Weather and Utility Impacts


Electrical Power Blackouts
Electrical Power
Gas Pipelines
Water Systems

Space Weather and Technology Impacts


Satellite Failures and Anomalies
How Satellites Work
How many satellites exist
Satellite Database Spreadsheet
Satellite Vulnerability
Satellite Insurance

Computer Impacts
Communications Systems Impacts
Economic Impacts
History of Technology

Reference Material about Space Weather


The 23rd Cycle Book Online Edition
Prolog
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10
Epilog
Appendix
Bibliography


Frequently Asked Questions


History of Space Weather


Newspaper Archives 1850-2004
The Progress of Science
Biographies and Historical Odds ‘n Ends
Richard Carrington
Denison Olmsted
Lord Kelvin


Space Weather in the News Today


Multimedia Resources


Image Gallery
TV Program Video Archive
Movies about Space Weather
Audio Recordings and Radio Programs


Education


Space Weather Primer


Space Weather Web Resources and Links

You may not be aware of it, but space weather costs our technology billions of dollars every year. This amount goes for the replacement of failing satellites in space, creating countermeasures in our technology so that future solar storms don't damage our technology, and also in protecting our astronauts who live and work in space.

This web site will guide you through the maze of space weather human impacts, why they happen, and the costs to our society from their comings and goings.

We live near a star that provides us with light and heat, but from time to time it also flares up and ejects bursts of gas and radiation into space. Solar flares can be deadly to astronauts caught unprotected in space. The gases, once they arrive, cause the beautiful Northern Lights, but also magnetic storms that disrupt our electrical systems and satellite technology.

Scientists have known about the sun's activity cycle for over 150 years. It is commonly called the 'sunspot cycle'. Scientists have also come to describe the sun's storminess in space by using a term 'space weather'. Space weather is like Earth weather. It has its good, mild days, and its stormy active days too.

Solar flares are like lightning storms on Earth. They arrive suddenly, cause a variety of problems, and then vanish within a few hours.

Solar Wind is like the various breezes that we feel each day, and can transport mild storms from the sun to Earth. It travels at about 400 km/sec and its density varies from a few atoms per cubic centimeter to about 10. Even distant Pluto feels this gentle breeze.

Coronal Mass Ejections are clouds of plasma ejected from the Sun that sweep into space at millions of miles per hour. Some are gentle and like a mild rain storm on Earth. Others are like the most intense hurricanes, tornadoes and tsunamis and cause all sorts of problems for our satellites. But they also create the beautiful aurora borealis and aurora australis.

This website, created by Dr. Sten Odenwald, will guide you through this exciting topic, and provides authoritative resources for studying this subject further.

Dr. Sten Odenwald